Top 10 Richest Tribes In Africa In 2024

Find Out The Wealthiest Tribe Existing In The Whole Of Africa And More Amazing Things About Them. 

Richest Tribes In Africa

Richest Tribes In Africa: Do you want to know the richest tribes in Africa? A lot of people especially Non-African believe that riches and Africa don’t go in the same sentence, but that is just not true because there are a lot of wealthy tribes in Africa, in this article we will discuss the top 10 richest tribes in Africa.

When naming the continents of the world alphabetically, Africa comes first in which it is has about 54 sovereign countries and said to have over 3000 tribes in the continent. Africa is a continent that is blessed richly with mineral and human resources in which other part of the world explore especially the Europeans. Obviously, riches is not shared according to ones tribe but a statistical estimation has been made for each tribe and how rich they are as they have set themselves up through connections and or other reasons. Keep reading this article as we talk about the top 10 richest tribes in Africa in no exact particular order.

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Top 10 Richest Tribes In Africa

Out of so many tribes in Africa, these are the top 10 in no particular order;

1. Igbo Tribe

The first tribe on our list is the Igbo tribe originated from Nigeria. The Igbos are known as the business gurus in Nigeria, when it comes to business and money making the Igbos top this list as they are also one of the top successful tribes in Nigeria. They are well known for their entrepreneurial spirit which is their biggest driving force of their financial power. The topping trade and commerce tribe in Nigeria are the Igbos as they have strong capability to generate sustainable economic ventures.

They have a mentorship system which helps them build their younger men’s mind towards the business direction and this system has helped them for years and even up till now making it as almost a tradition for them. Igbos have their manufacturing sites in Aba while their major market such as the Onitsha Main Market where goods and services flow and it contributes to their economic values. The Igbos are also known for their adaptation ability which helps them in the changing economy as they can easily seize different new opportunities that comes their way.

2. Yoruba Tribe

From South Western Nigeria is another of the top richest tribe in Africa which is the Yoruba tribe. They are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa having about 35 million people as they account for about 20% of the population in Nigeria. They are the tribe that accepted the western education early and till today produce more professional than other Nigerian tribes.

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3. Hausa Tribe

The third on our list is the Hausa tribe which is one of the top 3 richest tribes in Nigeria. This tribe is the most successful in terms of politics in Nigeria as they have the highest population and hence highest political domination. Though it a tribe from Nigeria, they also have presence in other countries in West Africa such as Cameroon, Togo, Chad, Benin, Burkina Faso, and Ghana. Hausa and Fulani seen as a lingua franca of many parts of the West African region are also popularly known as agriculturalist and traders as they cultivate from a wide range of staple and cash crops. Dangote, the richest man in Africa is known to be of this tribe.

4. El Molo Tribe

Another tribe on the list is the El Molo tribe which is the smallest tribe in Kenya. The Maa Language speaking tribe are known popularly for hunting and fishing as one of their food source are the Hippos killed in Turkana Lake.

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They also have one of the most colorful festivals and traditions in Nigeria. Originally the Yoruba people were adept traders and merchants. As they are now also big on agriculture growing crops like cassava, yams, and cocoa. They also engage in lucrative industries like Adire textile production and the intricate bronze casting of Ife

5. Zulu Tribe

Another tribe on our list of the richest tribes in Africa is the Zulu tribe which they are widely known around the world for their elegant culture and festivals. The tribe is found majorly in South Africa having large population in other African countries such as Zambia, Zimbabwe and other African countries. This tribe speak a language called the isiZulu language and have a population of about 11 million of which they have their source of wealth from cattle rearing which also serve as a form of currency and measure of wealth.

They are also skilled beaded jewelry makers and woodwork masters. The Zulu people have also used the allure on their tradition and have had increased global impact and tourism which has become also a source of their economic growth.

6. Xhosa Tribe

The Xhosa tribe is another of the topping rich tribes in Africa from the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. They have similar source of wealth as those of the Zulu people from Agriculture and unique artworks are the predominant activity

7. Oromo Tribe

Oromo tribe of Ethiopia is one of the richest tribes in Africa as they are the most popular tribe in Ethiopia. They make up to 40% of the population of the country having an estimate of about 40 million people around the world. They speak the Oromo language and practice the Waaqa traditional religion while their fertile Highlands and lowlands cultivate coffee, Barley, and other agricultural products. Livestock, and commerce.

8. Pedi Tribe

Originating from South Africa is the Sotho speaking tribe, Pedi Tribe. The tribe has over 7 million people in South Africa making them the second largest in South Africa. They are involved in herding and farming just like their counterparts in the Zulu tribe as their economy is dependent on their management of livestock and agricultural resources. The tribe is mostly found in the Limpopo region, possessing very high level of craftsmanship as they make woven baskets, beadwork and many others plus their commercial spirit.

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9. Suri Tribe

Another tribe on our list is the Suri Tribe are found mainly on the highlands in countries like Sudan and Ethiopia. They speak the Surma language and are known for marriage within their peoples and so not allow people outside their tribe marry within. Their wealth lays within their lands as it is very rich in soil for agriculture, and they also display craftsmanship in textiles, pottery, and artworks which is also a source of their income.

10. Ashanti

Found in Ghana is another of the top 10 richest tribes in Africa called Ashanti. They have high mineral resource especially gold and have been strong skilled merchants, farmers, and artisans even before the discovery of their gold which highly boosted their wealth.

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Frequently Asked Questions

1. Which Tribe Is The Largest In Nigeria?

The three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa, who make up 25% of the population; the Yoruba, who make up 21%; and the Igbo, who make up 18%.

2. Which Tribe Is Highest In Africa?

Hausa. The Hausa are primarily located in West Africa in northwestern Nigeria and southern Niger but they are also found in Cameroon, Togo, Chad, Benin, Burkina Faso, and Ghana. They are notable because they are the largest ethnic group in Africa with a population of 78 million.

3. Which Is Older Igbo Or Yoruba?

Records, available, have shown grandly that the Igbo. Nation is 2,550yrs older than the Yoruba Nation; 2,250yrs older than the Hausa Nation; 3,140yrs older. than the Fulani Nation; and 550yrs older than the Bini.

4. Which South Africa Tribe Is The Richest?

The Bafokeng tribe

The leaders of the Bafokeng tribe own significant stakes in a number of mines in the area, which is one of the reasons the tribe is colloquially referred to as “the richest tribe in Africa”

5. What Is The Most Spoken Language In Africa?


The Niger-Congo languages inhabit Western, Central, Eastern and Southern Africa. The most widely spoken languages of Africa, Swahili (200 million), Yoruba (45 million), Igbo (30 million), and Fula (35 million) all belong to the Niger-Congo family. Learn more about the Niger-Congo language family on Ethnologue.


In this article, we have listed the top 10 richest tribes in Africa. Note that this list was not made in any ranking order but if you are looking for the top 10 richest tribes in Africa, we have got you covered with right facts.

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